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Key Stage 5

Geography in the Sixth Form

Key Stage 5 Overview

The exam board we use is WJEC. The specification and other useful materials can be found on the WJEC web site.

Students cover a range of Physical and Human topics throughout the two year course. These include Climate Change, Rivers, Tectonic Processes, Coasts, Emerging Asia and Sustainability.

The WJEC GCE Geography course presents you with a strong understanding of the two main themes of the subject: human geography and physical geography.

Human Geography deals primarily with how people and the environment interact and the way the two co-exist. It also looks at how people and groups move and live in the world around us.

For example, you’ll learn about stuff you see in the papers and on the news everyday, including issues of sustainability.

Conversely; Physical Geography, on the other hand, is all about the scientific aspects of our world, with an emphasis on how we can manage them.

Key Stage 5 Geography
The WJEC Specification B examination board is followed at KS5. The specification and other useful materials can be found on the WJEC web site. We cover 3 themes and complete a piece of fieldwork.
Year 12 Units

Unit G1: Changing Physical Environments

Unit G2: Changing Human Environments
Assessment Both units are assessed through three structured questions with stimulus material, one of which tests research/fieldwork.
Year 13
Unit G3: Contemporary Themes and Research in Geography 
Section A Section B

Candidates choose two from six optional themes.

One from:

  • Extreme environments; Desert and Tundra,
  • Landforms and their management; either Glacial or Coastal,
  • Climatic hazards/


One from:

  • Development    
  • Globalisation
  • Emerging Asia; the geography of either India or China.

Individual Research Enquiry

This part of the specification provides the opportunity for the students to carry out individual research and out of classroom work, including fieldwork, on a pre-set topic area based on a range of themes:

Students will select one Research Investigation Theme from the following list:

G3.B.1 Geography of Crime

G3.B.2 Deprivation

G3.B.3 Geography of Disease

G3.B.4 Environmental Psychology

G3.B.5 Leisure and Recreation

G3.B.6 Micro-climates

G3.B.7 Atmospheric and Water Pollution

G3.B.8 Geography of Retailing

G3.B.9 Rivers

G3.B.10 Small-scale Ecosystems

Unit G4 - Sustainability: Synoptic assessment is a requirement of both A2 units.

In G4 the decision making/problem solving/issues evaluation exercises require candidates to draw on relevant knowledge, understanding and skills of the specification to tackle a decision, problem or issue that is new to them.

Career Opportunities

The broad nature of the subject makes it a useful foundation for many degrees.

Combined with this, the transferable skills of a high level of literacy, numeracy, reporting skills, an ability to collect data, well developed skills in ICT and a problemā€solving mentality make Geographers highly employable graduates.

Many go on to jobs in Finance, Marketing and Management, with other careers including; Surveying, Environmental Management, Consultancy and Journalism.