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Key Stage 3

Geography in Year 7, 8 & 9

Key Stage 3 Overview

Throughout Years 7, 8 and 9 pupils consolidate and extend their knowledge of the world’s major countries and their physical and human features. They begin to understand how geographical processes interact to create distinctive human and physical landscapes that change over time. In doing so, they become more aware of increasingly complex geographical systems in the world around them. They will develop greater competence in using geographical knowledge, approaches and concepts and geographical skills in analysing and interpreting different data sources. In this way pupils will continue to enrich their locational knowledge and spatial and environmental understanding.

Pupils are taught:

Locational knowledge: to extend their locational knowledge and deepen their spatial awareness of the world’s countries, using maps of the world to focus on Africa, Russia, Asia (including China and India), and the Middle East, focusing on their environmental regions, including polar and hot deserts, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities.

Place knowledge: to understand geographical similarities, differences and links between places through the study of the human and physical features of a region in Africa and a region in Asia

Human and physical geography: to understand, through the use of detailed place-based exemplars, the key processes in:

  • Physical geography relating to: plate tectonics; rocks, weathering and soils; weather and climate, including the change in climate; hydrology and coasts.
  • Human geography relating to: population and urbanisation; international development; economic activity and the use of natural resources
  • understand how human and physical processes interact to influence and change landscapes, environments and the climate; and how human activity relies on the effective functioning of natural systems

Geographical skills and fieldwork: to build on their knowledge of globes, maps and atlases, and apply and develop this knowledge routinely in the classroom and in the field

  • interpret Ordnance Survey maps in the classroom and the field.
  • use Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • use fieldwork in contrasting locations to collect, analyse and draw conclusions from geographical data.

Year 7 Curriculum Overview


Unit content

Term 1

What is Geography?

Physical, Human and Environmental aspects of Geography.


Maps/Map work Skills

Interpretation of Ordnance Survey maps, symbols, scale, grid reference and relief.

Term 2

Settlement/ urbanisation

Site/situation factors, function, issues and solutions. Cities of the future.


Environmental Concerns

Global climate change, the causes, effects and solutions.

Term 3

Fieldwork Techniques and Skills

School based fieldwork techniques


Green Lane Fieldwork

Apply skills to the collection and processing of data.


Written assessment at the end of each unit, as well as continual assessment from assigned tasks. End of Year written examination.

Year 8 Curriculum Overview

Themes Covered

Unit Content

Term 1

Economic Activities

Employment structures, issues, solutions as well as detailed place-based exemplars


Latitude & Longitude/Atlas Skills

World Map, continents and oceans, practical application of skills.

Term 2

Weather & Climate

Recording and measuring the weather


Population & Migration

Reasons for population change, causes and effects of migration. The use of detailed place-based exemplars


Uneven Development

Investigating trade ,interdependence and Globalisation

Term 3

Tectonic processes

Plate Tectonics, the earths structure


Volcanoes & Earthquakes

Cause and effects of tectonic processes, the use of detailed place-based exemplars

Year 9 Curriculum Overview

Themes Covered

Unit Content

Term 1

River Processes

The Water cycle, river processes, land forms of erosion and deposition



 The causes, effects and solutions to  flooding, the use of detailed place-based exemplars

Term 2


What is an ecosystem, the study of a world bio me: Tropical Rain forests


Environmental Concerns

Pressures on the Tundra. Traditional lifestyles are changing

Term 3

Exploiting Environments

How Hot Deserts have been used by human development


Contrasting Continents

A thematic study of Asia /Africa using detailed place-based exemplars